Hershock, Peter, Marietta Stepaniants and Roger Ames, eds. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Mainstream Western philosophy has been slow to accept comparative philosophy. But he also takes the view that in any comparison of views philosophically, we must be comparing from some standpoint. While it is true that not all Western philosophy has it right, it is equally true that neither does any other tradition. Or pick any two different philosophical arguments and compare them and how they relate to human nature. One way in which this has happened is that these scholars must go to area studies journals, such as those dealing with China, India, Asia, the Middle East, or Islam. But many philosophers hold that some views are less defensible than others, and some are just wrong. Larson, Gerald James and Eliot Deutsch, eds. It is, perhaps, because of this long familiarity with cross-cultural dialogue and the willingness to take one’s partners seriously that many of the earliest works comparing Eastern and Western philosophies that are still important came not from Westerners but from non-Westerners responding to Western ideas. Historical Development of Comparative Philosophy, Some Difficulties Facing the Comparative Philosopher, Comparative Philosophy – Japanese-Western. Philosophy departments rarely create space for it in their curricula, and comparative philosophers often find it difficult to publish their work in mainline journals. Ronnie Littlejohn Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Compare and contrast two philosophers understanding of human nature. Ideally, philosophers should hold those views that are most defensible and credible. First, comparative philosophy is distinct from both area studies philosophy (in which philosophers investigate topics in particular cultural traditions, for example, Confucianism) and world philosophy (in which philosophers construct a philosophical system based on the fullness of global traditions of thought). The ambition and challenge of comparative philosophy is to include all the philosophies of global humanity in its vision of what is constituted by philosophy. The Confucian, the Daoist, the Buddhist, the Marxist critique of all three? He thinks that once the comparative project has passed beyond the initial stage of partial incomprehension and partial misrepresentation of the other, and an accurate representation of the other emerges, then the task of showing which rival tradition is rationally superior to the other comes into view. Socrates believed that the wise man, the philosopher who could understand ideas was the one capable of ruling others. PHILOSOPHERS THE TWO CHOSEN PHILOSOPHERS 2. David Hall and Roger Ames (1995) have argued against translating the name of the Chinese text Zhongyong as The Doctrine of the Mean, because they do not think that it pursues the same kinds of virtue analysis in practical reason that Aristotle does in his Nicomachean Ethics. The story is quite different in Asia, where cultural traditions mingled and clashed with considerably more frequency than in the relatively provincial West. Furthermore, if one compares Descartes’ epistemology and truth theory to Hegel’s one is not only making a comparison, but some philosophers would say that the two approaches are so different from each other as to be incommensurable (that is, lacking any common basis for comparison). Compare and contrast philosophy of education compare and contrast philosophy, ideology, and theory Compare & Contrast Mission/Philosophy Statements Compare, Contrast and Evaluate Confucianism and Taoism. Introduction: *Explain what New Years is, and what country you This is what he means when he says that comparative philosophy eventually becomes the comparison of comparisons. The comparative philosopher does not so much inhabit both of the standpoints represented by the traditions from which he draws as he comes to inhabit an emerging standpoint different from them all and which is thereby creatively a new way of seeing the human condition. Or pick any two different philosophical arguments and compare them and how they relate to human nature. Until very recently, most introductory philosophy courses focused exclusively on the Western tradition, indeed mainly on the Anglo-European classics and thinkers. However, comparative philosophy is fairly early in its developmental stages. You can include text evidence from any book the philosophers wrote. The comparative philosopher may be working on isolated topics, or with two or more philosophers, just for the sake of gaining clarity on some specific issue. “On the Very Idea of a Conceptual Scheme.” In. Plato, student of Socrates, and Aristotle, student of Plato, two of the most influential philosophers to have ever walked the earth, take two completely … After all, one thing philosophers habitually do is to compare the work of various thinkers with those of others, or with their own. Ames, Roger, Joel Marks, and Robert Solomon. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. The third version of incommensurability is that the traditions differ on what counts as evidence and grounds for decidability, thus making it impossible to make a judgment between them. Compare Two Philosophers (Comparison Essay Sample) / Samples / Comparison / Compare Two Philosophers. Comparative philosophy—sometimes called cross-cultural philosophy—is a subfield of philosophy in which philosophers work on problems by intentionally setting into dialogue sources from across cultural, linguistic, and philosophical streams. Previous Previous post: Identify both the role that conventions play in and the policy proposals Keynes draws from his analysis of the stock market. Learn more. The idea is that each philosopher infects the other with a way of seeing. For example, finding that Zhuangzi’s antirationalism moves through quietude and stillness to effortless action might lead some philosophers to dismiss this approach because it does not employ the sorts of evidential standards one holds. “Solidarity or Objectivity?” In. As those who study any philosophical tradition in depth know very well, all philosophical traditions are evolving. We have to compare and contrast two different philosophers, and I was wondering which two would be the easiest to compare? There is no neutral ground. Sri Aurobindo (1872-1950) and Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (1888-1975) were perhaps the most prominent and influential voices responding from India in the early part of the last century, presenting Indian philosophical ideas and comparing, contrasting, and even fusing Eastern and Western philosophy and religion. Bonevac, Daniel and Stephen Phillips, eds.