It never fails that at least one of your joist is right in the middle of a toilet drain. Start your layout with marking out all the partition walls. The most common layout for wall studs is 16 inches on center. Usually a few inches will make a difference. This is not only good practice, but will make life much easier for the plumbing and the heating. Of course there is a bit more to laying out a building for framing but starting your layouts from one point throughout the house for all walls, joist and trusses not only makes sense, it will also end up less messy after everything is said an done. Everything should always line up. Do the same for the side wall starting at the same corner. Watch this step-by-step video about laying out stud walls, and check out “Building Skills” in issue # 274 for more. Mind you, if you use engineered floor joist, have a peek at the layout and match your starting point with the joist lay out. Whenever one of the studs ends up or almost ends up on one of your previous marked items you can omit this stud. Pick a corner of your house and lay out everything from that corner. Of course there is a bit more to laying out a building for framing but this makes a good start. Next layout all the windows and doors in your wall. There are four things to consider when laying out a wall: load path, the location of intersecting walls, window and door openings and the king and jack (or trimmer) studs that outline their rough openings, and the common studs. When you are finished m… It can be the left or right corner. Start your stud layout from the corner you picked and mark the first stud at 15 1/4" on the wall plates and proceed from there on at 16" centers with your layout. They take measurements directly from the wall layout before measuring and cutting the plates to length. Convert Feet/Inches/Fractions to Decimal Format. Eliminate … Building codes require that exterior walls be sheated with plywood or oriented strand board, OSB. Start your layout with marking out all the partition walls. Framing exterior walls of a home happens immediately after the floor is framed. Once the stock is loaded and ready to go, two crew members start laying out plates on opposite sides of the house (to stay out of each others way). Wood Framing Basics: Snap lines and set the plates in place. When you are finished with the first floor all the studs should line up. Mind you, if you use engineered floor joist, have a peek at the layout and match your starting point with the joist lay out. When you are finished marking out the previous items it is time to layout the wall for the stud locations. Mark the layout on the floor. With the floor joist layout you will have to make sure that the joist are not located under toilet, tub or shower drains. Start your floor joist layout from the same location. Pick a corner of your house and lay out everything from that corner. It can be the left or right corner. If you have any bearing points in your wall section, mark those out on your plates next. wall framing.). Framing exterior walls is different from interior walls. If you don't start your layout from the same point for exterior and interior walls, unless you are lucky, you could end up with something like this, creating all kinds of problems for heating ducts and plumbing stacks to run through the walls plus it looks like crap. (Start first stud at 23 1/4" for 24" O.C. Walls in cooler climates are built with 2x6 framing and in warmer climates they are built with 2x4 framing. And if the stud location is under a window then change your x to a j for jack. Joist that are in the way of those items should be moved as much as needed. How To Lay Out Walls, Floors, and Roofs | Explaining Layout If you have any bearing points in your wall section, mark those out on your plates next. Start the layout for the studs on the second floor from exactly the same location as the first floor. Next layout all the windows and doors in your wall. Continue the layout from these studs all through the house. After you are all done it will look something like the above.